DESCRIPTION OF DENTAL AND ORAL HEALTH CONDITION OF ELDERLY IN SEVERAL CITIES OF INDONESIA

  • Imania Auli Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung
  • Sri Mulyanti Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung
  • Isa Insanuddin Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung
  • Irwan Supriyanto Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung

Abstract

The elderly have a decline in their body’s resistance that makes them susceptible to diseases, include the oral disease. The condition of dental and oral health in elderly tends to be very bad and less attention, whereas oral health can affect general health and decrease their quality of life. This study study aims to get description of DMF-T and OHI-S index in elderly. This type of research is descriptive with literature study method, by studying and analyzing data obtained from journals, books, and other references. Based on the results of literature study, the mean score of DMF-T index of elderly in several cities of Indonesia is 17 on very high category. This score shows that every elderly have 17 missed, filled and decay teeth due to caries. OHI-S score with good criteria as many as 17 people (7,3%), 117 people showed moderate  criteria (50,2%), and 99 people showed a bad criteria (42,5%). Therefore elderly people need to applying clean and healthy behavior pattern, especially in oral health to avoid illness and its severity of elderly. The conclusion of this study is DMF-T index in elderly has 17 mean score on very high category, with OHI-S score on moderate criteria.


 


Key words: Dental and Oral Health, Elderly

References

Agus, Hermita, dkk. 2013. Pengaruh praktik hygiene terhadap profil kesehatan rongga mulut pada manula di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Budi Mulia 03 Ciracas. MDJ (Makassar Dental Journal), Vol. 2(2).
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2018. Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018 (RISKESDAS 2018). Jakarta Pusat : Sekretariat Badan Litbang Kesehatan.
Ermawati, Tantin. 2017. Profil kebersihan dan perilaku menjaga kesehatan gigi dan mulut pada lansia di desa Darsono kabupaten Jember. Jurnal IKESMA, Vol. 12(2).
Nidyawati, Niyan., Wicaksono D.A., Soewantoro, J.2013. Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Kebersihan Mulut Pada Masyarakat Lanjut Usia di Kelurahan Rurukan Kecamatan Tomohon Timur. Jurnal Biomedik (JBM), Vol. 5(1):169-174.
Notohartojo, Indrawati T., Magdarina. 2013. Penilaian Indeks DMF-T Anak Usia 12 Tahun Oleh Dokter Gigi Dan Bukan Dokter Gigi Di Kabupaten Ketapang Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Media Litbangkes, Vol. 23(1):41-46.
Prihastasari, Lisa, dkk. 2017. Survey epidemiologi: Hubungan antara perilaku kesehatan gigi dan mulut dengan indeks DMF-T lansia usia 45-65 tahun di Kecamatan Kronjo, Kabupaten Tangerang. ODONTO: Dental Journal, Vol. 4(2): 101-107.
Sriwahyuni, Ani. 2015. Gambaran Status Kesehatan Gigi dan Mukut pada Usia Lanjut di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Senjarawi Bandung Tahun 2015. Karya Tulis Ilmiah. Bandung: Politeknik Kesehatan Bandung.
Sari, Desi S, Yuliana M, dan Tantin E. 2015. Hubungan pengetahuan kesehatan gigi dan mulut dengan status kebersihan rongga mulut pada lansia. Jurnal IKESMA, Vol. 11(1).
Telaumbanua, Clauditania. Gambaran Perilaku Kesehatan Gigi Dan Mulut Dengan Indeks DMF-T Pada Lansia di UPT Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Dinas Sosial Binjai Tahun 2019. KTI. Medan: Politeknik Kesehatan Medan.
Tobing, Angelika L. T. L. 2019. Gambaran Pengetahuan Tentang Menyikat Gigi Terhadap Kondisi Gigi Pada Lansia di Panti Jompo GBKP Sibolangit. KTI. Medan: Politeknik Kesehatan Medan.
Watuna, F. F., Mona, P.W., dan Krisna V.S. 2015. Gambaran Rongga Mulut Pada Lansia Pemakai Gigi Tiruan Sebagian Lepasan di Panti Werda Kabupaten Minahasa.Jurnal e-Gigi (eG), Vol. 3(1):94-99.
Widayagdo, Agung., Cahyo Nugroho. 2017. Kondisi Rongga Mulut Pada Lansia Kabupaten Brebes. Indonesian Oral Health Journal, Vol. 2(1).
Yulian, Tiya Cahya. 2016. Gambaran Status Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut Pada Lansia di Panti Wreda Cirebon. KTI. Bandung : Politeknik Kesehatan Bandung.
Yulian. 2017. Hubungan Status Karies Dengan Kualitas Hidup Pada Lansia Panti Werdha Budi Luhur Bantul 2017. Karya Tulis Ilmiah. Yogyakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.
Published
2020-07-21
How to Cite
AULI, Imania et al. DESCRIPTION OF DENTAL AND ORAL HEALTH CONDITION OF ELDERLY IN SEVERAL CITIES OF INDONESIA. Jurnal Kesehatan Siliwangi, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 79-85, july 2020. Available at: <https://juriskes.com/index.php/jks/article/view/1698>. Date accessed: 08 aug. 2020.

( ! ) Warning: array_merge(): Argument #2 is not an array in /home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php on line 578
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0007245632{main}( ).../index.php:0
20.05996467368PKPApplication->execute( ).../index.php:68
30.06536753560Dispatcher->dispatch( ).../PKPApplication.inc.php:227
40.163413175936PKPPageRouter->route( ).../Dispatcher.inc.php:134
50.237715769136PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest( ).../PKPPageRouter.inc.php:239
60.254815945376call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php:372} ( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
70.254815945408ArticleHandler->view( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
80.368219412256PKPTemplateManager->display( ).../ArticleHandler.inc.php:166
90.394619471432PKPTemplateManager->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:780
100.394619471752Smarty->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:696
110.396019501840include( '/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/cache/t_compile/42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php' ).../Smarty.class.php:1257
120.547924485464PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook( ).../42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php:32
130.547924486352HookRegistry::call( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:1057
140.548024486400call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php:102} ( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
150.548024486432RecommendByAuthorPlugin->callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
160.648725019456PKPApplication->getMetrics( ).../RecommendByAuthorPlugin.inc.php:112
170.689325197920array_merge ( ).../PKPApplication.inc.php:578

( ! ) Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/plugins/generic/recommendByAuthor/RecommendByAuthorPlugin.inc.php on line 114
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0007245632{main}( ).../index.php:0
20.05996467368PKPApplication->execute( ).../index.php:68
30.06536753560Dispatcher->dispatch( ).../PKPApplication.inc.php:227
40.163413175936PKPPageRouter->route( ).../Dispatcher.inc.php:134
50.237715769136PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest( ).../PKPPageRouter.inc.php:239
60.254815945376call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php:372} ( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
70.254815945408ArticleHandler->view( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
80.368219412256PKPTemplateManager->display( ).../ArticleHandler.inc.php:166
90.394619471432PKPTemplateManager->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:780
100.394619471752Smarty->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:696
110.396019501840include( '/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/cache/t_compile/42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php' ).../Smarty.class.php:1257
120.547924485464PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook( ).../42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php:32
130.547924486352HookRegistry::call( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:1057
140.548024486400call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php:102} ( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
150.548024486432RecommendByAuthorPlugin->callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102

( ! ) Strict standards: Non-static method Request::getJournal() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/classes/issue/IssueAction.inc.php on line 59
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0007245632{main}( ).../index.php:0
20.05996467368PKPApplication->execute( ).../index.php:68
30.06536753560Dispatcher->dispatch( ).../PKPApplication.inc.php:227
40.163413175936PKPPageRouter->route( ).../Dispatcher.inc.php:134
50.237715769136PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest( ).../PKPPageRouter.inc.php:239
60.254815945376call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php:372} ( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
70.254815945408ArticleHandler->view( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
80.368219412256PKPTemplateManager->display( ).../ArticleHandler.inc.php:166
90.394619471432PKPTemplateManager->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:780
100.394619471752Smarty->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:696
110.396019501840include( '/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/cache/t_compile/42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php' ).../Smarty.class.php:1257
120.547924485464PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook( ).../42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php:32
130.547924486352HookRegistry::call( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:1057
140.548024486400call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php:102} ( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
150.548024486432RecommendByAuthorPlugin->callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
160.690025224224ArticleSearch::formatResults( ).../RecommendByAuthorPlugin.inc.php:149
170.700625326664IssueAction->subscriptionRequired( ).../ArticleSearch.inc.php:282

( ! ) Strict standards: Non-static method PKPRequest::_checkThis() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/classes/core/Request.inc.php on line 42
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0007245632{main}( ).../index.php:0
20.05996467368PKPApplication->execute( ).../index.php:68
30.06536753560Dispatcher->dispatch( ).../PKPApplication.inc.php:227
40.163413175936PKPPageRouter->route( ).../Dispatcher.inc.php:134
50.237715769136PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest( ).../PKPPageRouter.inc.php:239
60.254815945376call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php:372} ( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
70.254815945408ArticleHandler->view( ).../PKPRouter.inc.php:372
80.368219412256PKPTemplateManager->display( ).../ArticleHandler.inc.php:166
90.394619471432PKPTemplateManager->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:780
100.394619471752Smarty->fetch( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:696
110.396019501840include( '/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/cache/t_compile/42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php' ).../Smarty.class.php:1257
120.547924485464PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook( ).../42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^%%2D^2D7^2D7EC92F%%article.tpl.php:32
130.547924486352HookRegistry::call( ).../PKPTemplateManager.inc.php:1057
140.548024486400call_user_func:{/home/u2693602/public_html/jrk/ojs/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php:102} ( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
150.548024486432RecommendByAuthorPlugin->callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter( ).../HookRegistry.inc.php:102
160.690025224224ArticleSearch::formatResults( ).../RecommendByAuthorPlugin.inc.php:149
170.700625326664IssueAction->subscriptionRequired( ).../ArticleSearch.inc.php:282
180.700725326712Request->getJournal( ).../IssueAction.inc.php:59

Most read articles by the same author(s)