EFKTIVITAS PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL INFORMATION MOTIVATION BEHAVIOR SKILL TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PERILAKU SEKSUAL BERISIKO REMAJA

Titi Legiati, Diyan Indrayani

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Adolescence is critical period that is transition from children to adults. At the present, age of adolescent dating at a younger, while they do not have adequate life skills. Sexual risk behavior among adolescents is caused by identity crisis, lack of knowledge and lack of parents attention, bad relationships and wrong information The strategy for avoiding sexual risk behavior in adolescents is give health education. The Information Motivation Behavior Model explains how to make healthy behavior through information, motivation and skills improvement.


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of health education with the Information Motivation Behavior Skill model approach to adolescent knowledge, attitude and skill about the prevention of sexual risk behavior. This research used quasi experiment with pre post test design. The sample was 37 adolescent with 15-18 years old. Paired T-test was used to analyze. Booklet health education with the Information Motivation Behavior Skill model approach was used in this research


The results showed that majority of respondents were female, most of respondent had a boyfriend or girlfriend. There was significant differences of knowledge, attitude and skill between pre and posttest. Health education with the Information Motivation Behavior Skill model approach had an effect on increasing adolescent knowledge, attitude and skill about preventing sexual risk behavior. It can be given to adolescents in extracurricular activities to increase information, motivation and skills to prevent sexual risk behaviors.


 


Key Words: Health Education, Information Motivation Behavior Skill, Sexual Risk Behavior

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

Adjie. S.2013.Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja dalam Aspek Sosial. (tersedia di www.idai.or.id diakses tanggal 4 Desember 2015)

Amico KR, Alfonso T & Fisher JD 2005. An Empirical test of The Information, Motivation and Behavior Skills Model of Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence. AIDS care, 17, 13.

Batubara, J. R. 2016. Adolescent development (perkembangan remaja). Sari Pediatri, 12, 21-9.

Batubara, Fadlan Kamali. Pengaruh kegiatan ekstrakurikuler dan minat baca terhadap prestasi siswa Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Tanjung Pura. 2017. PhD Thesis. Pascasarjana UIN Sumatera Utara.

BKKBN, B., KEMENKES RI, MEASURE DHS, ICF INTERNATIONAL 2013. Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2012, Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja In: KEMENTERIAN KESEHATAN, 2013 (ed.). Jakarta.

Cornman DH, S. S., Bryan A, Benziger TJ, Fisher JD, 2007. An Information-motivation-behavior skill (IMB) model-based HIV prevention intervention for truck driver in India. Elsevier, 14.

Diclmete RJ, Crosby RA & Kegler MC 2002. Emerging Theories In Health Promotion Paractice and Research, san Fransisco, Jossey Bass Willey Company.

Gunarsa 2006. Psikologi Perkembangan Anak dan Remaja, Jakarta, Gunung Mulia.

Hasan, R., Boham, A. & Rembang, M. 2016. Peran Orang Tua Dalam Menginformasikan Pengetahuan Seks Bagi Remaja Di Desa Picuan Kecamatan Motoling Timur Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. JURNAL ACTA DIURNA, 5.

Hidayangsih, P. S. 2014a. Perilaku berisiko dan permasalahan kesehatan reproduksi pada remaja. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi, 5, 89-101.

Hidayangsih, P. S. 2014b. Perilaku berisiko dan permasalahan kesehatan reproduksi pada remaja. Indonesian Journal of Reproductive Health, 5, 89-101.

Morton B & MCLeroy K 2012. Behavior Theory in Health Promotion Practice and Research. In: LEARNING, J. B. (ed.). Wendel M L.

Osborn CY, Amico K, Disher WA, Egede LE & Fisher J 2010. An Information Behavior Skills Analysis of Diet and Exercise Behavior in Puerto Ricans with Diabetes. j health psychol, 15, 18.

PUSLITBANGKES 2015. Perilaku Berisiko Kesehatan Pada Pelajar SMP dan SMA di Indonesia. In: RI, K. K. (ed.). Jakarta: PNRI.

Rohmanasari, Rita; Ma'mun, Amung; Muhtar, Tatang. Dampak Kegiatan Ekstrakurikuler terhadap Perkembangan Life Skills Siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan, 2018, 18.3: 371-382.

Rongkavilit C, King Sn, Kaijee Lm, Pathong A, Koken Ja & Bunupuraciah T 2010. Applying the Information Motivation Behavioral Skills Model In Meication Adherence Among Thai Youth Living with HIV-: A qualitative study. AIDS patient care an STDs, 24, 17.

Saraswati, Rieka Esti; PARAMASTRI, Ira. Guru Sahabat Siswa: Program Kesehatan Reproduksi bagi Guru. Jurnal Psikologi, 2013, 40.1: 71-80.

Sheldon Lajs, Carey Mp, Vanable PA & TE, S. 2010. Predicting condom use among STD clinic patiens using information motivation behavior skills (IMB) Model. NIH Public Access, 15, 12.

Silviani Dsa & Saifudin M 2009. Hubungan antara Motivasi dan Keteraturan Antenatal pada ibu hamil di Puskesmas Kecamatan Turi Kabupaten Lamongan. STIKes Muhammadiyah Lamongan, 1, 7.

Suls J, W. K. 2003. Social Psychological Foundation of Health and Illness, Malden, Blackwell.

WHO 2015. Global standards for quality health-care services for adolescents: a guide to implement a standards-driven approach to improve the quality of health care services for adolescents, World Health Organization.

Authors

Titi Legiati
titi.legiati@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Diyan Indrayani
Titi Legiati, & Indrayani, D. (2021). EFKTIVITAS PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL INFORMATION MOTIVATION BEHAVIOR SKILL TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PERILAKU SEKSUAL BERISIKO REMAJA. Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Poltekkes Depkes Bandung, 13(2), 389-398. https://doi.org/10.34011/juriskesbdg.v13i2.1912

Article Details