Konseling Berhenti Merokok dan Grup Terapi Dapat Menurunkan Perilaku Merokok pada Remaja di Kecamatan Bogor Barat

  • Ni Putu Ariani Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung
  • Ati Nuraeni Poltekkes Kemenkes Bandung

Abstract

Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood.During this period, adolescents are at risk of smoking behavior problems.Problems also occurred in the city of Bogor.ln 2006, the number of students as smokersin West Bogor as much as 36.9 percent.ln 2008 the proportion had increased to 55 percent.This study aimed to know the difference of effectiveness between smoking cessation counseling and group therapy to the smoking behavior.This study used a quasi-experimental design with two treatment groups which were a group therapy group and individual smoking cessation counseling.Number of samples was 18 respondents in counseling group and 18 respondents in the therapy group. The results showed that in counseling group decline in the number of cigarettes smoked per day from an average of 6.11 to 3.50 cigarettes/day. In group therapy group there was also reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked per day from an average of 4.82 to 3.28 cigarettes/day. There was no difference between the effectiveness of smoking cessation counseling to group therapy. However, there was a significant effect of smoking cessation counseling and group therapy for adolescent smoking behavior.Thus, smoking cessation counseling and group therapy was effective to reduce smokingbehavior in adolescent.

References

Hockenberry . J M. Essensial of Pediatric
Nursing .(5th ed). Sint Louis : Mosby Coumpany; 2005.
2. Mc Donal., Understending Smoking
Behavior in Children and Adolescent.
Journal Pediatric Nursing. Harrow-on-the
hill [serial on the internet] April 2004.[cited
2006 Februari 3] vol 16. Iss 3; pg 26-28
3. Giarelli. E.Smoking Cessation for Women.
Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing [ serial on the internet] 2006. [Cited, 2009 Maret25]Vol 10; No 5



4. Dep. Kes dan Kes Sos. R. I. Lokalatih"
Konseling Berhenti Merokok bagi
Petugas Kesehatan. Jakarta: Depkes.
2005.
5. 5. Prawitasari. Psikologi Terapan (Melintas
Batasan llmu). Yogyakarta: Erlangga.
2011.
6. Suyudi. Gaya Hidup Remaja Indonesia
Kurang Sehat Tahun 2004 [dikutip 2006
Januari 2007] dari http// www.pdpersi.co.id.
7. Ariani N.P. Hubungan Karakteristik
Remaja, Keluarga, dan Pola Asuh
Keluarga dengan Perilaku Remaja
Merokok, Agresif dan Seksuafi. Jurnal
Riset Kesehatan Polteknik Kesehatan
Departemen Kesehatan Bandung April
2009 Vol 2.(1); 39-46
8. Helmi dan Komalasari. Faktor-Faktor
Penyebab Perilaku Merokok pada
Remaja.Tahun 2009 Yogjakarta:
[dikutipJuli 2009] dari http//avin.staf.ugm.ac.id.
9. Durkin. A. Dieting and Smoking Initiation
in Early Adolescent Girls and Boy: a
Prospectitive Studi. Article Nursing
Education Perspectives. Mei 2007 [Cited
2009 Maret 25]
10. Berstein SL, Boudreaux, E.D, Cydulca.
Tobacco Control Interventions in The
Emergency. Departement: A Joint
Statement of Emergency Medicine
Orgnizations. Journal of Emergency
Nursing. [Cited 2009 Maret 25] Oktober
tahun 2006. Vol 32 (5); 370-381.
11. Sempit J. Nurse Guide Clinical
Prosedures 3 rd. Philadhelphia: Lippincort.
1999.
12. Brandon, & Mary. Konseling dalam
Keperawatan. Jakarta: EGC;2006.
13. Bottorff, J.L. Review: Advice from Doctor,
Counselling by Nurse, Behavior
Interventions, Nicotin Replacement Therapy, and Seceral Pharmacological Treatment Increase Smoking Cessation Rates. Journal Eviden Base Nursing. 2001 [ Cited 2009 Maret 25].Vol 4:13.
14. Prawitasari J.E. Psikologi Klinis: Dari
Terapan Mikro ke Makro. Indonesia
Psychological Journal, [serial on the
internet] 2003 [dikutip 2012 juli 26] 18 (3);
215-228 dari http//johana.staf.ugm.ac.id.
15. Sadikin Z.D. Quit Smoking Program.
Digital journal.[serial on the internet]
2008.[dikutip 26 Juli 2012]. Vol 58 (4) April
Published
2019-07-01
How to Cite
ARIANI, Ni Putu; NURAENI, Ati. Konseling Berhenti Merokok dan Grup Terapi Dapat Menurunkan Perilaku Merokok pada Remaja di Kecamatan Bogor Barat. Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Poltekkes Depkes Bandung, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 4, p. 270-276, july 2019. ISSN 2579-8103. Available at: <https://juriskes.com/ojs/index.php/jrk/article/view/713>. Date accessed: 30 may 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.34011/juriskesbdg.v5i4.713.