The quality of a pregnant woman's diet is important for maternal health, fetal growth and development. Nutritional counseling interventions are effective in preventing complications for both mother and fetus. This study aims to determine differences in the quality of the diet of pregnant women in the treatment group and the control group, knowing the difference in the quality of the diet of pregnant women before and after intensive nutrition counseling using leaflet media. This research is a quasi-experimental study with a one post pre control group design approach. This research was conducted at Polongbangkeng Utara Health Center, Takalar Regency. The sampling technique uses simple random sampling method. The sample in this study was pregnant women trimester I-III who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The group that received intensive nutrition counseling was 35 people and the group without intensive nutrition counseling was 35 people. Intensive nutritional counseling was provided by researchers with the help of media leaflets then mentoring with a target of six sessions / meetings for 45 minutes. Every 7 (seven) days will be assessed again the quality of the diet per individual Respondents record the food consumed in URT (Household Size) or gram, then researchers estimate / estimate URT (estimated food record) into a measure of weight (grams). The calculation of diet quality is calculated using Nutrisurvey 2007 software. The results showed there were differences in the quality of the diets of pregnant women in the treatment and control groups with a p value = 0.002 <0.05. The results of statistical tests using Wilcoxon indicate there are differences in the quality of the diet of pregnant women before and after intensive nutrition counseling is given (p <0.05). Intensive nutritional counseling using leaflet media can improve the quality of the diet of pregnant women.
Full text article
2. Borge TC, Aase H, Brantsæter AL, Biele G. The importance of maternal diet quality during pregnancy on cognitive and behavioural outcomes in children : a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2017. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016777
3. Doyle I, Borrmann B, Grosser A, Razum O, Spallek J. Review Article Determinants of dietary patterns and diet quality during pregnancy : a systematic review with narrative synthesis. Public Health Nutr. 2016;(11):1-20. doi:10.1017/S1368980016002937
4. Emond JA, Karagas MR, Baker ER, Gilbert-diamond D. Better Diet Quality during Pregnancy Is Associated with a Reduced Likelihood of an Infant Born Small for Gestational Age : An Analysis of the Prospective New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. J Nutr Nutr Physiol Nutr Interact. 2018;(May). doi:10.1093/jn/nxx005
5. Savard C, Lemieux S, Carbonneau É, et al. Trimester-Specific Assessment of Diet Quality in a Sample of Canadian Pregnant Women. Int J Environ Res Publich Heal. 2019;16(311). doi:10.3390/ijerph16030311
6. Bojar I, Owoc A, Fronczak A, Walecka I. Quality of pregnant women ’ s diet in Poland –macro-elements. Public Heal Arch Med Sci. 2014;2(10):361-365. doi:10.5114/aoms.2013.35001
7. Blondin JH, Logiudice JA. Pregnant women’s knowledge and awareness of nutrition. Appl Nurs Res. 2017:31. doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2017.11.020
8. Niki L, Huybregts L, Martin-prevel Y, et al. Effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling in improving child growth and morbidity up to 18 months : A cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Burkina Faso. PLoS One. 2017:1-26.
9. Iii F. A User ’ s Guide Nutrition Education and Counseling. 2016.
10. Zelalem A, Endeshaw M, Ayenew M, Shiferaw S, Yirgu R. Effect of Nutrition Education on Pregnancy Specific Nutrition Knowledge and Healthy Dietary Practice among Pregnant Women in Addis Ababa Clinics in Mother and Child Health. 2017;14(3). doi:10.4172/2090-7214.1000265
11. Elliott-sale KJ, Graham A, Hanley SJ, et al. Modern dietary guidelines for healthy pregnancy ; maximising maternal and foetal outcomes and limiting excessive gestational weight gain. Eur J Sport Sci. 2018;0(0):1-9. doi:10.1080/17461391.2018.1476591
12. Diddana TZ, Kelkay GN, Dola AN, Sadore AA. Effect of Nutrition Education Based on Health Belief Model on Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Practice of Pregnant Women in Dessie Town , Northeast Ethiopia : A Cluster Randomized Control Trial. Hindawi J Nutr Metab. 2018;2018:1-10.
13. Bandung MA, Mulyo GP, Hastuti W, Hapsari AI, Kaffah ZS. Media Kalender dan Leaflet dalam Pendidikan Gizi terhadap Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Makan Remaja Overweight.